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Glossary
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These definitions are provided to facilitate understanding of information in this website. They are not intended to take the place of law or regulation. Unless otherwise stated, they apply to military commissions only.

A


Accused   An individual who is facing charges, either sworn or referred, before a military commission or a court-martial, called “the defendant” in civilian courts in the U.S.


Admission  A self-incriminating statement falling short of an acknowledgment of guilt, even if it was intended by its maker to be exculpatory.


Alien  An individual who is not a citizen of the United States.


Alien Unprivileged Enemy Belligerent   An individual who is not a citizen of the United States, who is not a privileged belligerent, who (a) has engaged in hostilities against the United States or its coalition partners; (b) has purposefully and materially supported hostilities against the United States or its coalition partners; or (c) was a part of al Qaeda at the time of the alleged offense under the M.C.A. of 2009.


Appellate military judge  A judge on a military court of appeals; must be a commissioned officer of the armed forces, serving on active duty, who is a member of the bar of a Federal court or a member of the bar of the highest court of a State or the District of Columbia.


Armed Forces   The four uniformed armed forces of the United States, including the Army, the Navy, the Marine Corps and the Air Force. 10 U.S.C. § 101.


Article   Refers to articles of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (Title 10 U.S.C., Chapter 47) unless the context indicates otherwise.


Article III courts  Also referred to as “federal courts,” these include the U.S. Supreme Court, which is expressly created in Article III of the U.S. Constitution, as well as U.S. district courts and U.S. courts of appeal, which are created by Congress in accordance with Article III of the U.S. Constitution.


Attorney   A lawyer.